1. Balin likes to run. A lot. Use the table below to graph his marginal benefit and marginal cost curves for running, and determine the optimal number of hours he should run per week. (Hint: This should maximize his net benefit.)Quantity of hours/week Total benefit (in utils) Total cost (in utils)1 26 22 50 63 70 114 85 185 99 276 112 397 120 532. Using the table above, suppose that because of bad weather, Balins marginal benefit from running falls by 6 utils for each hour that he runs. Show how this would affect the graph. Would it change the optimal amount that Balin should run each week? Explain.3. Using the table above (the original numbers), suppose that greater availability of his buddy Bo to play raises Balins opportunity cost to run by 3 utils per hour (i.e. the marginal costs rises by 3 utils for each hour). Show how this would affect the graph (draw a new graph showing the original and the new). Would it change the optimal amount that Balin should run each week? Explain.4. Augi likes doggy treats. Suppose that Augi gets only one treat per day. Use the table below to indicate which treat she will choose and the opportunity cost of that decision (measured in utils).Treat Utils receivedChicken jerky 25Pupperoni sticks 34Cheese 28Cooked chicken 32Costco jerky strips 165. In a well-formed paragraph or two, provide an example of how the concept of scarcity can be seen in events surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic, and how that scarcity impacted one or more choices. Carefully explain how the concept is illustrated by the example.6. In a well-formed paragraph or two, provide an example of how the concept of opportunity cost can be seen in events surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic. Carefully explain how the concept is illustrated by the example.7. Use the production possibilities model to explain how Covid-19 is impacting the economy of the United States. Your answer should include both a careful written explanation as to how the pandemic is affecting production possibilities and a graph illustrating the effects.[Notes: 1) Dont try to capture all the possible effects; focus on one or two aspects of Covid-19 that would affect production possibilities. 2) If youre unsure what the effects might be, tell me that, but then make your best guess and explain it in a way that is consistent with the production possibilities model. In other words, even if youre wrong about a particular effect, you can still tell a story about the model that is theoretically sound, given your understanding.]8. For each of the statements below, select the option that best describes what would happen to supply and demand for the good in italics. Assume ceteris paribus unless otherwise told.a. Demand shifts in e. Supply shifts inb. Demand shifts out f. Supply shifts outc. Quantity demanded increases g. Quantity supplied increasesd. Quantity demanded decreases h. Quantity supplied decreases____ 1. If the price of pizza falls, what happens to the demand for Dr. Pepper (a complement)?____ 2. If the price of chicken falls, what happens to chicken nugget supply?____ 3. If a sales tax is imposed on chocolate chip cookies, what happens to the supply of chocolate chip cookies?____ 4. If a sales tax is imposed on chocolate chip cookies, what happens to the demand for chocolate chip cookies?____ 5. If the price of paper falls because of a change in demand, what happens to paper supply?9. For each of the statements below, select the option that best describes what would happen to the equilibrium price and quantity in the market (noted in italics). Assume ceteris paribus unless otherwise instructed.a. Price up, quantity down e. Price down, quantity uncertainb. Price up, quantity up f. Price up, quantity uncertainc. Price down, quantity down g. Price uncertain, quantity upd. Price down, quantity up h. Price uncertain, quantity down____ 1. Banana consumers experience an increase in their income (bananas are a normal good).____ 2. Shoe manufacturers experience an increase in the price of raw materials such as leather and rubber.____ 3. U.S. consumers of jelly (to make PB&J sandwiches) witness an increase in the price of peanut butter caused by a decrease in supply.____ 4. Consumer fears reduce air travel at the same time security costs are rising.____ 5. An increase in wages affects both production costs and demand for running shoes, a normal good.10. Use the supply and demand model to explain how Covid-19 has impacted a specific market in the U.S. economy. Your answer should include both a careful written explanation as to how the pandemic is affecting supply and demand in the chosen market, as well as a graph illustrating the effects.
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