# 31. A step-by-step learned procedure for solving a problem is called a(n) A) schema. B) cognitive map.C) heuristic. D) algorithm.Answer: D 32. What systematic problem-solving method guarantees that all…

31. A(n) is a step-by, learned method for solving a problem.

A) schema.

B) Cognitive map.
C) heuristic.

D) algorithm.

32. Which systematic method of problem solving guarantees the solution to all your problems?

A) The Heuristic Method

B) A algorithm

C) Cognitive shortcut

D) The chunking approach

33. _____ is the use of similar structures to solve two problems.

A) heuristics

B) Algorithms

C) mental sets

D) Analogies

34. A student might be confused if he or she is presented with two problems that appear to have different underlying logic requirements. It is known as the “relationship” between two problems.

(A) Salience of Surface Similarities

B) Sets of mental items.

C) Functional fixity.

35. Given ten math problems to solve, and I’m able and capable of solving the first nine, it may be that I struggle with the 10th one if I need a different approach. The concept of

A) Surface properties that are salient.

B) Fine slicing.

C) mental sets.

D) hindsight bias.

36. It is known as _____. This barrier to problem-solving can inhibit one’s ability to generate alternative solutions.

A) means–end analysis

B) Functional fixness

C: Prototypical Idealization

D) mental set

37. Anastasia builds a castle of sand at the beach. The fact that water is constantly washing away her castle frustrates her. Five times she has rebuilt her castle, each time a little farther from the sea. Christopher, her older brother, comes up and sees the problem. He then proceeds to create a water channel that will bypass the sand castle. Anastasia demonstrated which cognitive block

A) Functional Fixness

B) Convergent thinking

C) Mental set

D) Slice thin

38. Rosemary, an instructor at a college, was unable to leave her overhead projectors and transparencies behind, even though she has the necessary equipment for computer-generated projections. Here’s an example of (n)

A) heuristic.

B) Mental set.

C) algorithm.

D) Analogy heuristic.

39. Exposure to common cultural uses of objects may make me less likely to come up with new solutions. This is called

Functional fixedness.

B) Heuristic availability.

C) mental sets.

D) Surface characteristics salience.

40. Ben is driving when a loose screw causes the visor to fall down. However, Ben forgets to bring a screwdriver to his car in order to repair it. As soon as he sees his visor dropping, he pulls out a penny from his pocket to fix the screw. Which problem solving difficulty was Ben able to overcome?

(A) Comparative Comparison

B) Functional fixness

C) Poor problem representation

D) A representative heuristic

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