PT116Unit5Assignment-MedicalTerminologyUrinarySystem.doc

PT116 Unit 5 Assignment

Combining Forms

Meaning

azot/o

bacteri/o

cyst/o

glomerul/o

glycos/o

keton/o

lith/o

meat/o

nephr/o

noct/i

olig/o

protein/o

pyel/o

ren/o

ur/o, urin/o

ureter/o

urethr/o

Suffixes

Meaning

–lith

–lithiasis

–ptosis

–tripsy

–uria

Build a term that means:

Meaning

excision of the bladder

bladder pain

surgical crushing of a stone

kidney softening

kidney tumor

kidney disease

ureter stone

narrowing of the urethra

condition of sugar in the urine

condition of pus in the urine

Highlight or bold the correct answer.
1. Excision of a kidney is called
a. nephrectomy.
b. nephropexy.
c. nephrotomy.
d. renectomy.
2. A distention of the renal pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney, often the result of obstruction, is
a. nephrolithiasis.
b. hydronephrosis.
c. cystocele.
d. pyelonephritis.
3. In nephromegaly there is
a. an enlargement in the kidney.
b. a stone present in the kidney.
c. an inflammation of the kidney.
d. a prolapse of the kidney.
4. The abbreviation UTI stands for
a. urethral toxic infection.
b. ureter total inflammation.
c. urinary tract incontinence.
d. urinary tract infection.
5. The medical term for abnormal kidney condition is
a. nephroptosis.
b. nephrosis.
c. nephromalacia.
d. nephritis.
6. The act of voiding urine is called
a. nocturia.
b. micturition.
c. oliguria.
d. urodynia.
7. What is inflammation of the bladder called?
a. nephritis.
b. urinary tract infection.
c. cystitis.
d. pyelitis.
8. What is the medical term for ureteral narrowing?
a. ureterostenosis.
b. ureterolysis.
c. ureterosclerosis.
d. urethrostenosis.
Matching
Match the following:

Match/Answer

Choice

calculus

a. Protrusion of bladder into vaginal wall
b. Urinalysis
c. Decrease in the force of the urine stream
d. A flat abdomen X-ray
e. Commonly seen in children
f. Medication to increase urine volume
g. Involuntary discharge of urine
h. Artificial filtering waste from blood
i. May be caused by spinal cord injury
j. Treatment for kidney stones
k. X-ray of renal pelvis
l. Stone
m. Implantation of a donor kidney
n. Accumulation of urine in renal pelvis
o. Test that grows bacteria in a culture medium
p. Collects uncontaminated urine for testing
q. Feeling need to urinate immediately
r. Blood in the urine
s. Medication to treat bacterial infection
t. Floating kidney
u. Insertion of a flexible tube into the bladder
v. Another term for urination
w. Blood test for kidney function
x. Visual exam of the bladder
y. Inability of the kidneys to filter waste

urgency

enuresis

micturition

hesitancy

hydronephrosis

nephroptosis

cystocele

renal failure

Wilm’s tumor

neurogenic bladder

hematuria

BUN

U/A

IVP

urine C&S

kidneys, ureter, bladder

cystoscopy

catheterization

hemodialysis

ESWL

renal transplant

clean catch specimen

antibiotic

diuretic

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